Primer on Electricity Generation and Distribution Formats

At My Buddy the Electrician, we’re proud to provide full-service electrician solutions for all our clients. Both in residential and commercial electrical settings, our electricians are here to handle everything from major installations and electrical repairs to minor upkeep and even expertise on how your electrical system works – keeping you both safe and comfortable at all times.

In addition to our enormously beneficial services throughout any building’s electronics, we’re also here to inform and educate. We get a common question from many clients we figured we’d lay out here, both for general interest and because this may help you understand your electrical system a little better: How exactly is electricity generated and eventually passed to homes and buildings? Here’s a fun primer to increase your electrical knowledge.

electricity generation distribution formats

Generation Stage

All the way back in the early 1830s, a scientist named Michael Faraday pioneered what would become the modern electrical generator. This is a device that utilizes magnets and coils to convert energy into electricity, forming a current that can be passed to many areas.

Generators have evolved significantly over the nearly two centuries since they were first invented, of course. The first stage of the majority of modern electrical creation begins with generators: Inside will be a turbine (one of several types) that uses external energy to rotate itself, with a connection to an electric conductor and a magnetic field. Over a continuous process, electrical energy is created through external sources like gas, coal, wind, nuclear energy or even water (through dams).

Transmission Stage

Once the power required has been generated, it’s time for it to be delivered to the areas that need it. Have you ever wondered what those collections of power lines, substations and related components are all over your streets and neighborhoods? They’re part of the electrical transmission stage.

Known more commonly as the “power grid,” this is how electricity gets to various buildings. It’s sent from the initial power plant to a large substation, which will increase its voltage so it can be transmitted over long distances. From here, it’s sent to a second local substation that lowers the voltage. Then, we move to our final stage.

Distribution Stage

Finally, often after traveling hundreds or even thousands of miles and changing voltage, electricity is ready to be pumped into buildings. It leaves your local substation through power lines, then goes through voltage changes to make it suitable for entering homes and businesses. It will be pumped in using service lines, which run either underground or overhead on your property, and wired into the building’s breaker box.

For more on how electricity is generated and eventually supplied to your home, or to learn about any of our residential or commercial electrical services, speak to the staff at My Buddy the Electrician today.